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The Different Fundamental Terminology of Data Structure

Data Structure of Data structures and algorithm is the group of data constituents which furnishes a competent mode to store as well as organise data in the PC for it to be utilized resourcefully. A few of the data structures are Stack, Queue, arrays, Linked List, etc. Data Structures are extensively utilized in about every phase of computer science that is in OS, Graphics, AI, Compiler design and a lot more.

The basic terminology of data structure is as below:


Data is a basic value or the compilation of values, for instance the data of a student can be his/her name and id.

Group items

Group items are data items that have subordinate data items. For instance, a student's name may include both their first plus last names.


If we talk about the student entity, then its name, address, course, as well as marks can be put together to produce the record for the student. Thus a record is defined as the collection of different data objects.


A file is a compilation of different records for a single type of entity. For instance, if a class has 60 students, the related file will contain 20 records, each of which contains information about each student. 

Attribute as well as Entity

A particular object's class is represented by an entity. It has a number of characteristics. Every attribute stands for a specific property of that entity.


A field is an only basic unit of info that represents an entity's attribute.

Thus data structures of Data structures and algorithm are the fundamental components of every program or even the software. The most challenging job for a programmer is selecting the right data structure for a program.

Requirement of data structures

Data structures are needed to carry out tasks as mentioned below:

Processor speed

Fast processing is needed to manage very huge amounts of data, however as data grows daily to billions of files per entity, processors may not be able to handle so much data when it comes to data structures and algorithms.

Data Search

 Assume that there are 106 things in the store's inventory. If our programme has to look for a specific item, it must go through all 106 of them, which slows down the search process. 

Multiple requests

 There is a potential that a very large server could crash during that procedure if thousands of users are simultaneously seeking the data on a web server. To address the issues raised above, data structures are utilised. Data in data structures and algorithms is arranged to construct a data structure in such a way that necessary data can be searched immediately and all items do not need to be searched.

Merits of data structures


The choice of data structures affects how efficient a programme is. For instance, let's say we need to search through certain data to find a specific record. If we arrange our data in an array in that instance, we will need to search element by element sequentially. In this case, employing an array may not be very effective. Better data structures, such as ordered arrays, binary search trees, or hash tables, can improve search efficiency.


Data structures in Data structures and algorithm are reusable, meaning that once we have built a specific data structure, we can use it anywhere else. Data structure implementations can be compiled into libraries that can be utilised by various clients.


The ADT, which offers a level of abstraction, specifies the data structure in Data structures and algorithm and the method. The client software just uses the data structure's interface; it is not concerned with the specifics of implementation.

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